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Literature

  1. A Market-Orientated Approach to Post-Harvest Management (PDF)
    1991. This report analyzes and addresses problems with previous solutions to postharvest loss and provides possible solutions taken from a market-focused approach. The structure of the paper comes with a series of questions, including what to grow, where to grow, etc. and seeks to answer these in a section dedicated to alternative approaches, with an economic focus.

  2. A Perspective on Postharvest Horticulture (1978-2003) (PDF)
    2003. An overview of the technologies, methods, and solutions used in postharvest loss issues over the time span of 1978-2003.

  3. A Review of Food in Vietnam, with Emphasis on Postharvest Losses (1993)
    1993.

  4. Agricultural engineering in development
    1994. A very well-rounded approach to the topic of postharvest loss as related to cereals and grain legumes, as well as the details associated with processes of drying, storage, monitoring, cleaning, insecticide treatments, bulk storage, preparation for sale, and transport. This publication specifically targets field staff (extension agents, rural leaders, development agents) and governmental administration audiences.

  5. Avoiding Future Famines: Strengthening the Ecological Foundation of Food Security through Sustainable Food Systems
    2012. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) recently published this collaborative report, arguing for the importance of using eco-friendly practices over environmentally-friendly practices in ensuring global food security. The report recognizes reducing postharvest loss and food waste as key strategies. 

  6. Change to Expert Consultation Meeting On Postharvest and Value Addition of Horticultural Produce 2010 (PDF)
    2010. Report prepared by the Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions (APAARI) in collaboration with the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) in order to explore issues for small and marginal farmers in the Asia-Pacific region, especially in regard to technology, management, and price fluctuations. Contains paper abstracts from the meeting, and contact information for leading agriculture research centers and programs in the Asia-Pacific Region.

  7. Demand-Driven Technologies for Sustainable Maize Production in West and Central Africa
    2007. This book is composed of articles, presentations, and papers presented at the regional workshop of the West and Central Africa Collaborative Maize Research Network (WECAMAN), and published jointly with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Subjects include: Breeding, Seed Systems and Statistics, Agronomy and Physiology, Integrated Pest Management, Economics and Extension, Postharvest and Utilization, and the Report and Recommendations.

  8. Disappearing Food - How big are postharvest losses?
    1998. Written by World Resources Institute Staff, this article addresses the statistics of loss related with each step of the harvesting process, and seeks to explain the reasons behind the large amounts of loss, as well as give hope for future endeavors as more efficient technology, policies and methods are integrated into postharvest storage practices.

  9. Economic Analysis of Post-harvest Losses in Food Grains in India- A Case Study of Karnataka (PDF)
    2007. Rice and wheat in India have been subjected to growth rate analysis. This report stimulates postharvest losses at different stages and analyzes the relationship between increased productivity in a region, as well as its affect on the national productivity. Factors that influence postharvest losses have been identified, and policy implications given.

  10. Ethiopia: Food Security Outlook Update (PDF)
    2010. This three-page article contains information on the main issues with food security in Ethiopia, including drought, rains, expected production, main crops, and a seasonal calendar and critical events timeline.

  11. Facts and Figures - The Status of Global Agriculture (PDF)
    2010. This document was prepared by CropLife International and deals with the growing numbers of human populations, projections, food crises, food prices, poverty alleviation, limitations of resources, biodiversity and climate change challenges, as well as information on the biotech seed market as a possible solution to some of the above issues.

  12. Feed the Future Guide (PDF)
    2010. The Feed the Future Guide describes the strategic approach and implementation structures of Feed the Future (FTF), the U.S. global hunger and food security initiative. It is intended to inform partners and stakeholders about the development of FTF and how they translate their principles into actions on the ground.

  13. Food Reserves in Developing Countries
    2011. Agricultural prices, along with the prices of primary commodities in general, have been both high and volatile over 2006-11. These developments impact the poor and other vulnerable non-farm households who devote a high proportion of their incomes to the purchase of food.  This paper looks at  international and national reserves policies that address food security.

  14. Food waste within food supply chains - quantification and potential for change to 2050
    2010. Food waste in the global food supply chain is reviewed in relation to the prospects for feeding a population of nine billion by 2050. Different definitions of food waste with respect to the complexities of food supply chains (FSCs) are discussed.

  15. Freezing Instead of Drying High-Moisture Corn
    2010. Suggestions on how to make corn stover more effectively utilized as an animal feed, through drying practices. The article addresses the potential of the growing and harvesting seasons in Illinois, as well as the opportunity to increase amount of ethanol produced.

  16. Gadgets for Stored Grain Insect Pest Management and Their Impact in India (PDF)
    Overview of nine technologies that are useful in removing or hindering pests from infiltrating stored produce and grains in India. Project manager: Professor Dr. S. Mohan. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University.

  17. Global Food Losses and Food Waste (PDF)
    This report came from the study conducted for the International Congress - SAVE FOOD! at Interpack2011 in Düsseldorf, Germany. It defines the difference between food loss and food waste and examines the causes, extent, and solutions. Charts and graphs illustrate loss by geographical category.

  18. Handbook of Postharvest Technology
    2002. From processing, handling, drying, and milling to storage, packaging, and distribution, Handbook of Postharvest Technology presents the latest methods in the manufacture and supply of grains, fruits, vegetables, and spices detailing the physiology, structure, composition, and characteristics of grains and crops, as well as recent cooling and preservation techniques to maintain quality and decrease spoilage and withering of agricultural products.

  19. Harnessing Private Sector Capabilities to Meet Public Needs (PDF)
    2006. The World Economic Forum issued this report, which examines how core industry capabilities can be applied to three of the most pressing development challenges of our time: hunger, malaria and basic education. Business, education, and agricultural methods and technology development are all addressed as vital aspects of the fight against hunger.

  20. High-Hopes for Post-Harvest-A New Look at Village-Scale Crop Processing
    2004. This booklet presents an approach to improving the efficiency and productivity of crop processing at village level in developing countries. Village processing can lead to improved food security, greater prosperity and enhanced quality of life for the villagers. It requires improved tools and machines on a scale larger than that required for the immediate family.

  21. Horticultural Marketing (PDF)
    2005. Offers reasons why marketing will aid farmers in selling produce and eliminating large amounts of loss, while offering suggestions in postharvest handling, producing for the market, and improving market arrangements.

  22. Increasing Food Availability by Reducing Postharvest Losses of Fresh Produce (PDF)
    2005. Examines the factors contributing toward postharvest loss, especially socioeconomic conditions and biological and environmental causes. The report also includes strategies for reducing postharvest loss.

  23. Innovation and Urgency: The New Green Revolution
    2011. A paper based on the World Resources Report 2010-2011, "Decision Making in a Changing Climate." It  focuses on the current and future approaches to the food system and its intricacies from a food security perspective.

  24. Manual for the preparation and sale of fruits and vegetables - from field to market (PDF)
    2004. Prepared by the FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin, this guide focuses mainly on Latin America and Caribbean countries, and examines the entire harvesting process starting from the farm and ending in the market. The manual gives suggestions and accompanying photos to aid in the design of storehouses and packaging, as well as a list of recommended temperature and relative humidity for the storage of vegetables and fruits.

  25. Marketable Surplus and Post Harvest Losses of Paddy in India (PDF)
    2002. This report, prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Government of India, estimates the marketable surplus and postharvest losses of 47 agricultural commodities, focusing on Paddy, Jowar, Wheat, Bjara, Maize, Barley, Ragi, Red Gram, Green Gram, Black Gram, Gram, and Lentil (Masoor), covering 100 districts from 25 states of India.

  26. Marketable Surplus and Post Harvest Losses of Ragi In India (PDF)
    The Government of India initiated surveys dealing with 12 specific crops, of which in this report, the crop Ragi is the focus. The purpose of the report is to provide detailed information on the marketable surplus of foodgrains, the latest data on farm retention for consumption, seed, feed, wages, and other payments in kind, as well as to estimate the postharvest losses at the producer's level.

  27. Methodological Investigation on Post-Harvest Losses (PDF)
    2000. Often considerable losses of agricultural produce due to various causes occur at various postharvest stages. The reliable and objective estimates of such losses based on a statistical methodology were not available. In this context, tA.S.R.I. developed a suitable statistical methodology for the estimation of losses at various post-harvest stages by conducting a pilot sample survey in Bulandshahr district of U.P. state (India) during 1985-88 but the estimators developed in this survey were not precise.

  28. Missing Food: The Case of Postharvest Grain Losses in Sub-Saharan Africa (PDF)
    2011. Report by the FAO, World Bank, and NRI detailing Postharvest Grain Losses in Sub-Saharan Africa. Detailed information on the magnitude of PHL, technologies and practices for reducing PHL, responses to PHL reduction, and future implications.

  29. On-farm post-harvest management of food grains (PDF)
    2009.This manual is aimed toward providing useful information for extension workers, particularly those working in Africa. Subjects include the role of the extension worker, quality loss of stored grain, methods of prevention and control, and good storage practices.

  30. One Billion Hungry: Can We Feed the World?
    2012. "In One Billion Hungry, Sir Gordon Conway, one of the world's foremost experts on global food needs, explains the many interrelated issues critical to our global food supply from the science of agricultural advances to the politics of food security. He expands the discussion begun in his influential The Doubly Green Revolution, emphasizing the essential combination of increased food production, environmental stability, and poverty reduction necessary to end endemic hunger on our planet."

  31. Postharvest Food Losses in Developing Countries (PDF) 1978.

  32. Post Harvest Profile of Paddy and Rice
    2004. Report by the Government of India, including detailed information on the paddy/rice production and post-production process, marketing, alternative systems of marketing, utilization, and do's and don'ts. (PDF)

  33. Post Harvest Profile of Wheat (PDF)
    2005. Detailed report by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Government of India including detailed information on the production and post-production process, marketing, alternative systems of marketing, utilization, and do's and don'ts for wheat, post harvest.

  34. Post-harvest Losses- Discovering the Full Story
    2002. Overview of the Phenomenon of Losses During the Post-Harvest System. Offers useful definitions of the key concepts in PHL.

  35. Post-harvest Storage and Preservation of Tropical Crops (PDF)
    1993. Focuses on the issues of microbial proliferation in tropical crops, and explores traditional methods of food production and storage as well.

  36. Postharvest Grain Loss Assessment Methods (PDF)
    1978. The goal of this volume is to provide postharvest grain loss assessment methods yielding standardized and reproducible results so that effective grain loss reduction efforts can be undertaken in developing countries. The assessment information from such a manual may provide essential justification and motivation for introducing measures designed to reduce grain losses.

  37. Postharvest losses and waste in developed and less developed countries-opportunities to improve resource use
    2010. This report compares the differences and similarities between the food losses and waste of developed countries (USA, UK) and that of less developed countries (particularly sub-Saharan Africa). The report focuses on the food waste issues that happen after the produce leaves the farm, and examines solutions and alternatives for both developed and lesser-developed countries agricultural and food production systems.

  38. Postharvest Management of Fruit and Vegetables in the Asia-Pacific Region (PDF)
    2006. Reports included in the document come from the APO seminars on the Reduction of Postharvest Losses of Fruit and Vegetables held in India, October 2004, and from Marketing and Food Safety: Challenges in Postharvest Management of Agricultural/Horticultural Products in the Islamic Republic of Iran, July 2005. Contains articles dealing with regional postharvest food loss issues, country profiles, and a list of participants and resource persons.

  39. Postharvest Pest Losses (PDF preview)
    2002. Postharvest pest losses can be caused by insects, mites, rodents and microbes on stored products. This leads to about 10% of loss worldwide. Over 600 beetle species, 70 of moths, 355 mite species, 40 of rodent, and 150 of fungi have been reported to attack stored products. Pests consume the products and leave behind debris such as hair, pellets and toxins, affecting products' market value. Additionally, much funding goes to controlling the predators, raising the importance of this damaging issue.

  40. Postharvest weight loss estimates for cereal supply calculations in East and Southern Africa (PDF)
    Article prepared by the Post Harvest Losses Information System. Includes charts, graphs, photos. Focus is on African countries specifically.

  41. Preserving Food After Harvest is an Integral Component of Food Security
    2009. Succinct overview of causes and relevant issues related to postharvest food losses. Includes brief history of attempts to address food loss, methods for decreasing food loss in specific products and grains, and bibliography.

  42. Prevention of post-harvest food losses - fruits, vegetables and root crops
    1989. This publication by the FAO serves as a training manual which consolidates material previously published through numerous regional, subregional, and national workshops and training sessions led on the subject of post-harvest loss. The manual is useful for reference work and training purposes, as it offers techniques based on certain geographic and climatic conditions.

  43. Realizing a New Vision for Agriculture - A roadmap for stakeholders (PDF)
    2010.The World Economic Forum has published a roadmap that aids stakeholders toward realizing the goals of the New Vision for Agriculture. This PDF report focuses on the need for increasing investment in agriculture in order to boost food security and spur economic growth. The report also includes new and innovative models for collaboration, as well as highlights the importance of the private sector in making these changes toward sustainable agriculture systems on a global scale.

  44. Research and development issues in grain postharvest problems in Asia
    Pre-1990. FAO book concerning research and development issues in grain post-harvest problems in Asia. Report prepared by GASGA - the Group for Assistance with Systems relating to Gain After-Harvest - and is a voluntary association of organizations primarily linked with donor operations. Deals with India, China, and a couple articles dealing with methods.

  45. The Business Role in Achieving a Green Revolution for Africa (PDF)
    2008. The World Economic Forum presents this report on the work to date of the Business Alliance Against Chronic Hunger (the Alliance), and its broader implications for the role the private sector can play in the effort to achieve a Green Revolution for Africa.

  46. The Impact of Postharvest Research (PDF)
    1999. Study conducted for a meeting on Postharvest Research at the International Centers Week, in Washington, D.C., October 1998. Examines processing, marketing, and employment implications, as well as effects on returns, poverty, food security and health, and sustainability in resource usage.

  47. The Next Billions-Business Strategies to Enhance Food Value Chains and Empower the Poor (PDF)
    2009. The World Economic Forum presents this report on innovative business models that can improve sustainable food production and help to reduce poverty in developing countries.

  48. The role of post-harvest management in assuring the quality and safety of horticultural produce
    2004. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin 152, deals with the quality and safety of produce, examining the pre-harvest and harvesting factors that influence quality and safety, post-harvest management procedures that are critical to maintaining safety and quality, post-harvest treatments designed to minimize produce contamination, and post-harvest treatments designed to manipulate the environment around produce in order to enhance quality. The article also includes many internet resources. (PDF)

  49. The State of Food Insecurity in the World
    2011.

  50. The top 100 questions of importance to the future of global agriculture (PDF)
    2010. 100 Questions in four different sections: natural resource inputs, agronomic practice, agricultural development, and markets and consumption.

  51. The use of spices and medicinals as bioactive protectants for grains
    1999. This publication examines issues in the developing world with insect-caused post-harvest food loss, and analyzes the pros and cons of using plant materials and extracts toward produce protection. It includes a detailed list of which plants and extracts should be used with which plants, in which regions, and other various usages in the agricultural product storage field. This publication also employs a strong focus on environmental-friendliness and sustainability.

  52. Transforming Food Waste into a Resource
    2012. This book is a manal on the 'dynamics of overproduction and overconsumption' in modern society. It contains data and discusses the origins and cuases of food waste and its relation to important global issues such as climate change, agriculture, growing population, and the needs for changes in society. The text also highlights projects from around the world.

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